Education throughout life

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RaulStone RaulStone, member
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Throughout their lives, every person gets some knowledge: at classes in educational institutions, from books, from the media, during communication with other people, in the process of production activities, in daily life. "Age live, age study," says folk wisdom. However, the process of gaining knowledge becomes much more fruitful and effective when it is not spontaneous, but is purposeful, having a certain ultimate goal, carried out in accordance with a particular program.


Such a process is called learning throughout life, regardless of whether it is implemented formally, that is, in an educational institution, or informally, that is, independently, through self-education. Consequently, life-long learning is all purposeful learning that is carried out on a permanent basis to improve knowledge, skills.

Until the beginning of the Bologna process, in 1972, the concept of "lifelong learning" (LLL) was introduced by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). At the same time, five components of the concept of "lifelong learning" were identified: the needs and rights of people to study throughout their lives; formation of an integrated approach between the formal and informal contexts of learning; adequate funding for both types of training; coverage of the training of all people, starting with the youngest and ending with the eldest; search for ways to democratize access to learning.


Due to the economic crisis and rising unemployment in a number of European countries, the concept of lifelong learning has become particularly relevant. It has become one of the tools for solving socio-economic problems in European countries. The concept is aimed at ensuring the competitiveness of every person in the labor market. However, it also contributes to raising the cultural level of man, the social progress of the European human community.


At the Prague Summit of Ministers of Education and Science of European Countries (2001), it was decided to supplement the Bologna Declaration of 1999 with the concept of lifelong learning. In particular, it was decided that a person has the right to receive the necessary amount of credit credits during his lifetime. Not only in the form of study at a higher education institution, but also through self-education.


Why do you need to study throughout your life? This requires time, a society that has entered the post-industrial era. Technical and economic development is becoming more and more accelerated. The world economy has become fluctuating, and changes are often unpredictable. Once the knowledge gained is very fast, they should be updated and updated continuously. In just one year, humanity now produces as much information as it was from the birth of Christ to the beginning of the Second World War. According to scientists from custom essay writing Australia, a person appeared on Earth almost 2 million years ago. 50 thousand years have passed since the time when the human language arose, 6 thousand years - as the letter appeared, 4 thousand years - as the alphabet appeared. That is, between these events a huge period of time. But in the future, intellectual breakthroughs became extremely rapid. For example, the phone was invented in 1876, the cinema was in 1894, television in 1926, the transistor receiver in 1948, the computer appeared forty-fifty years ago, the fiber-optic cable in 1988. On the Internet, the information network has sparked the whole world. We live in an age of high-speed communication, in the modern world, there are no economic boundaries.


The post-industrial world, with its crazy speeds along with fast-food, introduces fast-education, a highly functional education, aimed at a specific professional function that is urgent today but will not be needed tomorrow. Increasingly, the function of vocational training and retraining goes to short-term training programs, courses, workshops, etc. that can be organized by the manufacturing and other corporations themselves, without resorting to the services of classical higher educational institutions.


Types of occupations and professions are constantly changing, and only in some cases, a person works at one and the same job all his life, which was previously encouraged by the state and could even be the subject of professional pride of man. Changes in the labor market require constant updating of knowledge. Post-industrial production abandons the worker who performs standard functions, solves the template tasks and has a professional training for this time and for a lifetime. Many workers need to constantly retrain in completely new areas. People are forced to change not only the place of work, as it used to be, but also the profession and occupation.


In the future, the acquisition of knowledge, skills and competences should become permanent, from kindergarten to retirement age ("from the cradle to the last breath"). Otherwise, it will not be possible to keep pace with social and economic changes that are constantly taking place in the world. A person and the whole country must constantly study for life, work and the preservation of competitiveness. In a sharp competition between countries, a "knowledge-based society" will take the leading position. In a context of intense competition between the European, North American and Far Eastern regions, the important task of the Bologna process was the transformation of the entire European community into a "knowledge-based society".

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